8 popular German prepositions and their usage

Here are some of the most commonly used German prepositions along with their general usage:

  1. in – used to indicate location or being inside something:

    • Ich bin in der Schule. (I am in school.)
    • Das Buch liegt in der Tasche. (The book is in the bag.)
  2. auf – used to indicate location on a surface or being on top of something:

    • Die Tasse steht auf dem Tisch. (The cup is on the table.)
    • Er läuft auf der Straße. (He is walking on the street.)
  3. an – used to indicate proximity or being close to something:

    • Das Bild hängt an der Wand. (The picture is hanging on the wall.)
    • Ich lehne mich an den Baum. (I lean against the tree.)
  4. vor – used to indicate location in front of something:

    • Die Katze sitzt vor der Tür. (The cat is sitting in front of the door.)
    • Er steht vor dem Gebäude. (He is standing in front of the building.)
  5. hinter – used to indicate location behind something:

    • Das Auto parkt hinter dem Haus. (The car is parked behind the house.)
    • Sie versteckt sich hinter dem Baum. (She is hiding behind the tree.)
  6. neben – used to indicate location next to something:

    • Der Stuhl steht neben dem Tisch. (The chair is next to the table.)
    • Ich sitze neben meiner Schwester. (I am sitting next to my sister.)
  7. über – used to indicate location above or over something:

    • Die Lampe hängt über dem Tisch. (The lamp is hanging above the table.)
    • Das Flugzeug fliegt über den Wolken. (The airplane is flying above the clouds.)
  8. unter – used to indicate location under or beneath something:

    • Das Buch liegt unter dem Bett. (The book is under the bed.)
    • Die Katze versteckt sich unter dem Tisch. (The cat is hiding under the table.)

These are just a few examples of popular German prepositions and their general usage. Keep in mind that prepositions can have different meanings depending on the context, so it's always important to consider the specific situation. Practice using these prepositions in sentences to become more familiar with their usage.

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I am not a teacher, educator or an expert in German. Learning German is a pass-time hobby for me. I have A2 level fluency. What I write here are things I have learnt on the go. It's unorthodox. It follows no syllabus and is tailored towards my own utility and use case over perfection.